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What is "Ball Valve"?

The valve disc, which controls fluid flow, of a ball valve is shaped like a ball.
Valves are used to stop/allow the flow of water, air, gas, powder, and other substances inside piping, and also to control the flow rate, making them useful for a wide variety of applications in our world.
Valve operation concepts can be generally divided into the following four types according to the shape of the valve element that controls the fluid flow: Pushing, rotating, sliding, and squeezing types.
Ball valves correspond to the concept of "rotating", and are therefore used in flowing (on) and closing (off) applications for fluid flow. Additionally, the "full-bore" structure, in which the valve port and piping bore are the same, provides a valve with extremely low fluid resistance and little pressure loss. The ability to turn on/off by 90° rotation of the valve element provides excellent operability and short operating time.

Concept Basic Design Strong Point Weak Point
1 Rotating Rotating BALL
  • Resistance of flow: quite small
  • Operation time: Short(by quarter turn operation)
  • Flow control: un-suitable
  • Face to Face Dimension: Small
  • Flow control: Suitable
  • Operation time: Short(by quarter turn operation)
  • Resistance of flow: Big(Stem)
  • Limited operation range by material of seal
2 Pushing Pushing GLOBE
  • Shut off performance: High
  • Flow control: Suitable
  • Face to Face Dimension: Large
  • Resistance of flow: High
  • Operation Torque: Big
3 Sliding Sliding GATE
  • Shut off performance: High
  • Resistance of Fluid: Small
  • Operation time: Long
  • Flow control: un-suitable
4 Squeezing Squeezing DIAPHRAM
  • Cleaning Performance: High(Glandless design)
  • Suitable for Flow control
  • Flow control: Suitable
  • Limited operation range by material of diaphram

Construction of Ball Valve

Ball valves generally have a structure in which the valve disc, the "ball", is held between two seat rings referred to as "ball seats". As mentioned above, the "stem" connected with the ball is rotated 90° to turn the valve on or off.

construction of Ball Valve

Ball valves consist of either a floating or a trunnion structure.
The floating structure consists of the ball being held by two ball seats so that the fluid pressure presses the ball against the ball seats. This is a general-purpose valve is commonly used due to the small number of parts and inexpensive cost.
The trunnion structure maintains the ball at a right angle to the fluid so that the springs equipped to the backside of the ball seats press them against the ball to form a seal with no reliance on fluid pressure. This structure prevents low-pressure leakage and applies a smaller load on the ball seats, even in piping to which high pressure is applied, in comparison with the floating structure, making it suitable for large-size valves.

Ball Valve by temperature

HISAKA WORKS offers a product lineup featuring ball valves for a wide range of valve applications according to fluid temperature, properties, and pressure.
The following table indicates the use ranges by temperature of 2-way valves. Please note that the model may change depending on the fluid.

temperature(℃) -104 -50 -30 0 184 200 214 300 350 400 600
model FM5LT HF5LT HF5 HF5HT HF5(M1M)

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  • LOW TEMP. BALL VALVE lowest-104℃
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